Glossary of Terms

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Word or Phrase EXPLANATION & USE

AAC
Augmentative & Alternative Communication

AAC is when you communicate using something other than speech. For example, on an iPad or tablet you may press on a symbol/photo/written word or sentence and the software speaks it out.
  • Useful if you understand symbols or can read but your speech is affected

Sentence AAC choices

Banks of written words that someone who can read but not spell can click on and it will speak out the words/sentences.

Symbol AAC choices

Banks of pictures (for people who can't read or spell). You click on the symbol and it reads a word/sentence out. Useful for non-verbal people and be can used instead of/to augment their speech

Alternative web browsers They either simplify the information on the website or read aloud what’s on the site.
  • Useful if you struggle to follow more complicated web pages
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EFL
English as a Foreign Language.
These are language exercises designed for people learning English as a foreign language. They can usually be personalised.
  • Useful if you want to do exercises on speaking, spelling, writing, understanding text and understanding speech
Every day living These are programs/apps for working on everyday tasks such as planning recipes & shopping, working out money transactions, deciphering facial expressions
  • Useful if you find everyday tasks more difficult due to your aphasia
Functional aids These are programs/apps which help with everyday activities on a computer.
For example: help with reading, help accessing websites, memory aids
  • Useful if you struggle to use standard software
Screen readers These are programs/apps which read aloud text on the screen.
  • Useful if you can read some text but like to ‘back it up’ with hearing the text spoken. Helpful for reading emails, articles, or text you have written yourself
Text to speech You type words/sentences and the program/app speaks them aloud.
  • Useful if your speech is affected but your spelling/typing remains quite good
Voice recognition
Speech recognition
Speech to text
The program/app puts what you say into writing.
  • Useful if your speech is good but you struggle to write/type
Word prediction As you type, the program/app guesses what you want to say.  Mobile phones use this technology.
  • Useful if you can spell the first few letters of a word and then get stuck